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DNP Neonatal Nurse Practitioner

Quick Tips

1. Many library databases (e.g., CINAHL, Scopus, Web of Science) have citation tools to generate citations in APA format.

2. Free EndNote Web account can help with the citation format.

3. EndNote Desktop software is freely available through the UTK OIT Download Site. If you want to learn how to use EndNote, go to the library EndNote guide for more information. 

4. Contact the librarian for a consultation. 


APA Format

NOTE: All the citation formats below are based on the official Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA), 6th edition.  

UpToDate (as suggested by its publishers)

Cite the UpToDate topic review as a chapter in a book titled UpToDate, edited by T. W. Post, published by UpToDate in Waltham, MA. As a CD-ROM or online service, there are no page numbers to cite. Since UpToDate is released every four months, the publication year for any topic review should be the current year.

Bichet, D. G. (2014). Diagnosis of polyuria and diabetes insipidus. In T. Post (Ed.), UpToDate. Waltham, Mass.: UpToDate. Retrieved from

STAT!Ref (as suggested by its publishers)

STAT!-Ref book chapter:

Falk, E. & Fuster, Y. (2007). Atherogenesis and its determinants. In Hurst's the Heart. Available from

Friedman, R.A. (2012, January 16). Depression defies the rush to find an

evolutionary upside. The New York Times. Retrieved from

Entire Print Book

Author's Last Name, First initial. (Copyright date). Title of book. City of Publication, State: Name of Publisher.

Kelly, P. & Marthaler, M.T. (2011). Nursing delegation, setting priorities, and making patient care assignments. Clifton Park, NY: Delmar.

In-text: (Kelly & Marthaler, 2011)

Chapter in a Book/Textbook

Garvin, J. H. & Weiner, M. (2009). Informatics evaluation and outcomes research related to core HIM functions. In E. J. Layman & V. J. Watlaf (Eds.), Health informatics research methods: Principles and practice. (pp. 159-176). Chicago, IL: American Health Information Management.

In-text: (Garvin & Weiner, 2009)

Entire eBook (with doi)

Author, A. A. (Year). Title of book [E-reader version, if applicable]. doi:xxxxx

Entire eBook (no doi)

Author, A. A. (Year). Title of book [E-reader version, if applicable]. Retrieved from http://xxxxx

eBook Chapter (with doi)

Author, A. A. (Year). Title of chapter. In B. B. Editor (Ed.), Title of book [E-reader version, if applicable] (pp. xxx–xxx). doi:xxxxx

eBook Chapter (no doi)

Author, A. A. (Year). Title of chapter. In B. B. Editor (Ed.), Title of book [E-reader version, if applicable] (pp. xxx–xxx). Retrieved from http://xxxxx

Journal Article with DOI

 Author. (Date). Title of article only first word capitalized. Journal Name in italics, Volume number in italics (Issue number), page range. doi number.

Pfister-Minogue, K. & Salveson, C.(2010).  Training and experience of public health nurses in using behavior change counseling. Public Health Nursing, 27(6), 544-551. doi:10.1111/j.1525-1446.2010.00884.x

In-text: (Pfister-Minoque & Salveson, 2010)

Journal Article without DOI

Mador, R. L., Shaw, N. T., Cheetham, S., & Reid, R. J. (2008). Whose record is it anyway? Putting patients' interests at the heart of the implementation and use of electronic medical records. Healthcare Quarter, 11(4), 90-2.

In-text citation: (Mador, Shaw, Cheetham, & Reid, 2008)

Advanced Online Publication

Muldoon, K., Towse, J., Simms, V., Perra, O., & Menzies, V. (2012). A longitudinal analysis of estimation, counting skills, and mathematical ability across the first school year. Developmental Psychology. Advance online publication. doi:10.1037/a0028240

An Organization’s Webpage (e.g. AHIMA)

American Health Information Management Association.  (2012). Medical coding. Retrieved from

In-text: (American Health Information Management Association [AHIMA], 2012)

After 1st in-text, abbreviate: (AHIMA, 2012)

Online Government Document

Government Name. Name of Government Agency. (Year). Title of document: Subtitle. (Report No. xxx [if available]). Retrieved from URL of specific document

Tennessee Department of Health. (n.d.). Advance directives resources. Retrieved from

In-text: (Tennessee Department of Health [TDOH], n.d.)

After 1st in-text, abbreviate: (TDOH, n.d.)

Magazine Article

Webber, R. (2012, February). Are you with the right mate? Psychology Today, 45(1), 56-65.

Online Magazine Article (via Google)

Author, A. (year, month). Title of online article. Name of online magazine, Volume number(Issue number). Retrieved from magazine web address       Note:  Include volume and issue number, if available.

Seltzer, L.F. (2010, November). The psycho-logic of dreams: Pt. 1 of the "Logical Illogic" of the psycho-logical. Psychology Today. Retrieved from