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Nursing - Professional Issues

This is a course research guide for a nursing credit course: Professional Issues.

Basic In-Text Citations (APA 6th Edition)

Types

1st citation

Subsequent

1st citation (Parenthetical format)

Subsequent

One  author

Walker (2007)

Walker (2007)

(Walker, 2007)

(Walker, 2007)

 

Two authors

Walker and Allen (2004)

Walker and Allen (2004)

(Walker & Allen, 2004)

 

(Walker & Allen, 2004)

Three authors

Bradley, Ramirez, and Soo (1999)

Bradley et al. (1999)

(Bradley, Ramirez, & Soo, 1999)

(Bradley et al., 1999)

Four authors

Bradley, Ramirez, Soo, and Walsh (2006)

Bradley et al. (2006)

(Bradley, Ramirez, Soo, & Walsh, 2006)

(Bradley et al., 2006)

Five authors

Walker, Allen, Bradley, Ramirez, and Soo (2008)

Walker et al. (2008)

(Walker, Allen, Bradley, Ramirez, & Soo, 2008)

(Walker et al., 2008)

Six or more authors

Wassestein et al. (2005)

Wassestein et al. (2005)

(Wassestein et al., 2005)

 

(Wassestein et al., 2005)

Groups as authors

Institute of Medicine (IOM, 2003)

IOM (2003)

(Institute of Medicine [IOM], 2003)

(IOM, 2003)

Groups (no abbreviation)

University of Pittsburgh (2005)

University of Pittsburgh (2005)

(University of Pittsburgh, 2005)

(University of Pittsburgh,  2005)


American Psychological Association. (2010). Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed., p. 177). Washington, DC: Author.

Basic In-Text Citations (APA 7th Edition)

Types

1st citation

Subsequent

1st citation (Parenthetical format)

Subsequent

One  author

Luna (2020)

Luna (2020)

(Luna, 2020)

(Luna, 2020)

Two authors

Salas and D'Agostino (2020)

Salas and D'Agostino (2020)

(Salas & D'Agostino, 2020)

(Salas & D'Agostino, 2020)

Three or more authors

Martin et al. (2020)

Martin et al. (2020)

(Martin et al., 2020)

(Martin et al., 2020)

Groups as authors

National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH, 2020)

NIMH (2020)

(National Institute of Mental Health [NIMH], 2020)

(NIMH, 2020)

Groups (no abbreviation)

Stanford University (2020)

Stanford University (2020)

(Stanford University, 2020)

(Stanford University, 2020)


American Psychological Association. (2019). Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (7th ed., p. 266). Washington, DC: Author.

How to cite something you found on the website in APA style: What to do when information is missing?

The essential APA pieces are author, date, title, and source. Sometimes, however, one or more of those pieces is missing, and writing the reference can get more difficult. This page is to help you adapt the classic APA Style reference template to fit any situation where information might be missing. The APA Style Blog also has more information about missing reference information. 

1. Nothing is missing; I've got all the pieces.

Example:

Author. (Date). Title. Source.

  • Parenthetical citation: (Author, year)

2. Author is missing. Solution: Substitute title for the author

Example:

Title. (Date). Source.

  • Parenthetical citation: (Title, Year)

3. Date is missing. Solution: use n.d. for no date

Example:

Author. (n.d.). Title. Source.

  • Parenthetical citation: (Author, n.d.)

4. Author and date are both missing. Solution: Provide the title, write “n.d.” for “no date,” and then provide the source.

Example:

Title. (n.d.). Source.

  • Parenthetical citation: (Title, n.d.)