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Concepts of Research Methodology (MHIIM 609)


Welcome to the UTHSC Health Sciences Library's Concepts of Research Methodology (MHIIM 609) resource guide.

Course required text:

  • Layman, E.J, & Watzlaf, V. J. (2017). Health informatics research methods: Principles and practice (2nd ed.). Chicago, Il: American Health Information Management Association.

Literature Review

A literature review surveys scholarly articles, books, and other sources relevant to a particular issue, area of research, or theory providing a description, summary, and critical evaluation of each work. The purpose is to offer an overview of significant literature published on a topic.

 Similar to primary research, development of the literature review requires four stages:

  • Problem formulation—which topic or field is being examined, and what are its component issues?
  • Literature search—finding materials relevant to the subject being explored
  • Data evaluation—determining which literature makes a significant contribution to the understanding of the topic
  • Analysis and interpretation—discussing the findings and conclusions of pertinent literature

Literature reviews should comprise the following elements:

  • An overview of the subject, issue, or theory under consideration along with the objectives of the literature review
  • Division of works under review into categories (e.g. those in support of a particular position, those against, and those offering alternative theses entirely)
  • Explanation of how each work is similar to and how it varies from the others
  • Conclusions as to which pieces are best considered in their argument, are most convincing of their opinions, and make the greatest contribution to the understanding and development of their area of research

A literature review may constitute an essential chapter of a thesis or dissertation or may be a self-contained review of writings on a subject. In either case, its purpose is to:

  • Place each work in the context of its contribution to the understanding of the subject under review
  • Describe the relationship of each work to the others under consideration
  • Identify new ways to interpret and shed light on any gaps in previous research
  • Resolve conflicts among seemingly contradictory previous studies
  • Identify areas of prior scholarship to prevent duplication of effort
  • Point the way forward for further research
  • Place one's original work (in the case of theses or dissertations) in the context of existing literature

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